Foreclosures are of three types; residential foreclosure, commercial foreclosure and tax foreclosures. The present crisis in USA is home foreclosures. Now what is a foreclosure? When a person borrows money from a lender, by mortgaging his property, he has to pay the lender, the interest along with the principal amount, on time, as mentioned in the mortgage contract. When he defaults payments, the lender then takes possession of the house of the owner. This process is known as foreclosure. The lender then sells the property to get back his dues.
Foreclosed homes are creating a crisis in America. Because of the recession period which America is now experiencing, (if it lasts till April, it will be the longest recession in post war period), many people are unable to repay back the loans and foreclosed homes are on the increase. The state that is hit by increasing foreclosures is Arizona. Previously there used to be a lot of buyers for foreclosed homes. Because it is a distress sale, people who dream of purchasing a good house at a cheap rate, go for such foreclosed loans. But now real estate is stumbling down, so the value of these houses are so much reduced, that it becomes less than the loan amount. So the buyers have no other go than let the owners have the house.
In fact it is the lenders that will be in a fix with foreclosed homes. In today’s situation the lender finds it very difficult to sell the house, as there are many foreclosed homes available for the buyers to choose from. Not only that, since the market value has come down drastically, they are finding it difficult to get a good price for the house, and sometimes the prices are less than the amount due to them.
Another problem with foreclosed homes is the increase of crimes in such vacant houses. This is becoming an increasing headache for the Government. As a result of this, the lenders are now asked to pay a penalty if the don’t maintain the house and leave it ignored. Also there is no flow of revenue for the government.
Home foreclosure has increased by 87 percent in 2008 and nearly 2.3 million house owners had their houses foreclosed in this year. And reports say that nearly six million homes in America are on the edge of foreclosure. Studies have also proved that foreclosed house reduces the prices of neighboring houses too.
Because of the present crises, President Obama plans to stem home foreclosures. He has announced that he will spend $50 billion to prevent foreclosures in America. A lot of Government mortgage companies and major banks are also stopping foreclosures.
Unemployment, high mortgage interest rates and reckless spending are some of the reasons why many house owners are losing their homes to foreclosure. What is needed is save and spend money carefully. Always make sure that you have set aside sufficient saving to pay for the mortgage. Act wisely and avoid home foreclosures.